During all events, competitions, and practices, Participants will use their best efforts to:
a) Be aware of incidents that may cause a concussion, such as:
iv. Head trauma – (blow to the head, face or neck, or a blow to the body that transmits a force to the head)
b) Recognize and understand the symptoms that may result from a concussion.
These may appear immediately after the injury or within hours or days of the injury and may be different for everyone. Some common signs and symptoms include but are not limited to:
ii. Poor concentration
v. Sensitivity to light or noise
vii. Poor appetite
viii. Decreased memory
ix. Poor balance
x. Slowed reaction time
c) Identify injured Participants or other individuals who have been involved in any of the above incidents and/or exhibit any of the above symptoms.
Coach / Administrator / Supervisor Responsibilities
If a Participant has been identified as having a suspected concussion, the coach, administrator and/or supervisor of that activity will notify all affected parties of the suspected concussion, including the Participant, a parent/guardian (if applicable), and other coaches, administrators and/or supervisors.
If the Participant is unconscious – initiate emergency action plan, call 911, and then:
a) If applicable, contact the Participant’s parent/guardian to inform them of the injury and that the Participant will be attended to by Emergency Medical Services and possibly transported to a hospital
b) Stay with the Participant until Emergency Medical Services arrives
c) Monitor and document any physical, emotional and/or cognitive changes
If the Participant is conscious – remove the Participant from the activity immediately and then:
a) Notify the Participant’s parent/guardian (if applicable)
b) Arrange a ride home for the Participant
c) Isolate the Participant in a dark room or area
d) Reduce external stimulus (noise, other people, etc.)
e) Remain with the Participant until he or she can be taken home
f) Monitor and document any physical, emotional and/or cognitive changes
g) Encourage the Participant to consult a physician
Return to Compete
A Participant with a suspected concussion, even if the Participant was not unconscious, will not be permitted to return to competition until the Participant has consulted a physician.
The Participant and the Participant’s parent/guardian (if applicable) should be directed to the following guidelines established:
a) If no concussion is diagnosed by a physician: the Participant may return to physical activities.
b) If a concussion is diagnosed by a physician: the Participant should only return to physical activities after following the steps outlined below and/or as directed by a physician:
STEP 1: Complete cognitive and physical rest. Limit school, work, and tasks requiring concentration. Refrain from physical activity until symptoms are gone. Once all symptoms are gone, rest for at least another 24-48 hours and re-consult a physician, preferably one with experience managing concussions.
In order to proceed to Step 2, medical clearance from a physician is required.
STEP 2: Light aerobic exercise to reintroduce physical activity: 10-15 minutes of low intensity activity like walking or stationary cycling.
In order to proceed to Step 3, the Participant or parent/guardian (if applicable) must report back to his/her coach, administrator and/or supervisor that he/she is symptom free.
STEP 3: Sport-specific exercise: 15 minutes of low intensity participation. The environment should be managed so as to ensure the Participant is at minimum risk of falling or colliding with other Participants. The Participant may also attempt basic balance drills.
In order to proceed to Step 4, the Participant or parent/guardian (if applicable) must report back to his/her coach, administrator and/or supervisor that he/she is symptom free.
STEP 4: Activity with no body contact: non-contact practice and non-contact sport specific drills – no activity that involves head impact or other jarring motions.
In order to proceed to Step 5, medical clearance from a physician, indicating that the Participant is symptom free and able to return to full participation in physical activity, is required.
STEP 5: Full participation.
c) Each step must take a minimum of 24 hours and the length of time needed to complete each step will vary based on the severity of the concussion.
d) The Participant should be monitored regularly for the return of any signs and/or symptoms of concussion. If signs and/or symptoms return, the Participant must consult with a physician.